Estônia

 

Depois de séculos de domínio estrangeiro, a Estônia alcançou a independência, em 1918, mas foi incorporada à União Soviética, em 1940.

Em 1991, a Estônia conquistou novamente sua independência e iniciou reformas econômicas. Em 2004, juntou-se à União Europeia.

 

 

People

Population: 1.34 million (2016).

Religions: Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.).

Ethnic groups: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.).

Language: Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.).

Nationality: Estonian(s).

 

 

 

Mapa Estonia

 

Links - Estonia

Visitestonia.com

Estonia - Official Web Center

Statistical Office of Estonia

Tallinn City Guide

Tartu

 

Europa

 

Geography

Country name: Republic of Estonia (local: Eesti Vabariik).

Capital: Tallinn.

Government type: parliamentary republic.

Independence: regained on 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).

Administrative divisions: 15 counties (maakonnad, singular - maakond): Harjumaa (Tallinn), Hiiumaa (Kardla), Ida-Virumaa (Johvi), Jarvamaa (Paide), Jogevamaa (Jogeva), Laanemaa (Haapsalu), Laane-Virumaa (Rakvere), Parnumaa (Parnu), Polvamaa (Polva), Raplamaa (Rapla), Saaremaa (Kuressaare), Tartumaa (Tartu), Valgamaa (Valga), Viljandimaa (Viljandi), Vorumaa (Voru). Note: counties have the administrative center name following in parentheses.

Terrain: marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south.

Total area: 45,226 km².

Coastline: 3,794 km (offshore lie more than 1,500 islands).

Highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m.

Climate: maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers.

Ports and harbors: Haapsalu, Kunda, Muuga, Paldiski, Parnu, Tallinn.

 

Jägala waterfall

 

 

 

 

 

Tallinn Estonia

 

 

Haapsalu Episcopal Castle, West-Estonia (photo Estonian Tourist Board).

 

Jägala waterfall, North-Estonia (photo Estonian Tourist Board).

 

Tallinn, capital of Estonia. View of Old Town from Dome Hill (photo Estonian Tourist Board).

 

 

 

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Haapsalu Episcopal Castle