Turquia

 

A Turquia moderna foi fundada em 1923, depois da derrota do Império Otomano. Logo depois, o país instituiu leis para substituir os antigos decretos religiosos. Em 1945, a Turquia juntou-se a ONU.

Uma parte do território da Turquia fica na Europa, a maior parte fica na Ásia.

 

População

Population: 80 million (2016).

Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews).

Ethnic groups: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.).

Língua: turco (oficial).

Nationality: noun: Turk(s). Adjective: Turkish.

 

 

 

Europa

Ásia

 

Monte Ararat

 

Mapa da Turquia

 

Hagia Sophia Istanbul

 

Moradias na região da Capadócia.

 

Ruins of the Library of Celsus, Ephesus, Anatolia.

 

Links about Turkey

Embaixada da Turquia no Brasil

Turkey Tourism

Istanbul Visitors Bureau

Ankara.com

 

Geografia

Country name: Republic of Turkey (local: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti).

Capital: Ankara.

Government type: republican parliamentary democracy.

Independence: 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire).

Administrative divisions: 81 provinces (iller, singular - il); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak.

Total area: 780,580 km².

Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges.

Highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m (the legendary landing place of Noah's Ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country).

Coastline: 7,200 km.

Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior.

Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon.

Note: strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas.

 

Cappadocia Turkey

 

Mapa de Istambul

 

 

 

Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, once the world's largest Byzantine church. Built between 532 and 537 as the Cathedral of Constantinople by the Emperor Justinian. Since 1935 it is a museum.

 

Ephesus, Anatolia

Copyright © Guia Geográfico - Países Europeus, roteiro de viagem.