Croácia

 

As terras que hoje compreendem a Croácia eram parte do Império Austro-Húngaro até o fim da Primeira Guerra Mundial. Em 1918, os croatas, sérvios e eslovenos formaram um reino, conhecido depois de 1929, como Yugoslávia. Após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a Yugoslávia tornou-se um estado comunista federal independente governado pelo Marechal Tito.

A Croácia declarou independência em 1991, mas demorou quatro anos de combates esporádicos antes que os exércitos de ocupação sérvio deixassem o território croata. Sob a supervisão da ONU, o último enclave sérvio no leste da Eslavônia foi devolvido para a Croácia, em 1998.

 

 

População

Population: 4.3 million (2016).

Religions: Roman Catholic 86%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslim 1.5% e outras (2011).

Ethnic groups: Croat 90%, Serb 4.4% e outros (2011).

Language: Croatian 96% (oficial).

Nationality: Croat(s), Croatian(s).

 

Links - Croácia

Croatian Tourist Board

Culturenet Croatia, Ministry of Culture

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Croatia

Zagreb Tourist Board

Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb

 

Europa

 

Europa Viagem

 

Mapa Croacia

 

 

 

Geografia

Country name: Republic of Croatia (local: Republika Hrvatska).

Capital: Zagreb.

Government type: presidential/parliamentary democracy.

Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia). Constitution adopted on 22 December 1990; revised 2001.

Administrative divisions: 20 counties and 1 city.

Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands.

Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes.

Total area: 56,542 km².

Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km).

Highest point: Dinara 1,830 m.

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast.

Ports and harbors: Dubrovnik, Dugi Rat, Omisalj, Ploce, Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split, Vukovar (inland waterway port on Danube), Zadar.

Croatia controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits.

 

 

Theater - Zagreb

 

 

Plitvice Lakes. This world heritage site is a magnificent chain of about twenty emerald-green lakes and waterfalls created by the River Korana.

 

Ruins of a first century Roman amphitheatre in the city of Pula, at the southern tip of the peninsula of Istria, Croatia.

 

Croatian National Theater, in Zagreb. Built in 1895, in Neo-baroque style.

 

Copyright © Guia Geográfico - Países Europeus, Roteiro de Viagem.

 

 

 Plitvice Lakes

 

Pula Croatia